ÁRBOLES

Sequoia sempervirens
SEQUOIARoyalty, spirituality, protection, fortune, wealth, magnificence, longevity, wisdom, strength, creativity and enlightenment.

Redwood trees are among the largest and oldest living organisms on the planet, therefore, the concept of longevity and wealth in terms of something timeless, becomes something strong, real and authentic.

 
Taxus baccata
YEW TREE ( TEJO ):The Yew tree is like a magic mirror to mankind and is one of the most important trees in nature worship throughout Europe. It is thought to be one of the oldest tree specimens on the planet. Celebrations of the Winter Solstice focus strongly on the yew as it is supposed to be closely linked to the deities of death and rebirth. Among a lot of characteristics we emphasise; Mysticism. Eternity. Magic. Longevity. Union of all dimensions. Strength. Wisdom. Healing. Protection. Etc ...


Pinus sylvestris
PINE ( PINO )In Europe, pine trees are one of the symbols of the Germanic mid-winter festival of Yule. Some of the most famous pine trees in Europe are found in the Black Forest of Germany. These and all the other trees that grow in the Black Forest help the forest live up to its name as being a very dark and inpenetrable place. Within the pine (and other coniferous) trees of the Black Forest live dwarves, werewolves, witches, and many other things that go bump in the night! The pine trees of the Black Forest are associated by many with fairy tales, Walt Disney movies, and Christmas stories.

In Japan, the pine tree, or matsu (松の木), shares more or less the same meaning as the Chinese and Korean pine trees. That is, power, longevity, masculinity, virtue, and youth.

The word 'matsu' means " waiting for the soul of a god to descend from Heaven " in Japanese. In ancient Shinto beliefs, gods were said to have ascended to Heaven on a pine tree, where they now reside on a beautiful volcanic mountain in giant or old trees.

Pine trees are associated with the New Year in Japan. So much so that many Japanese hang a bundle of pine twigs and bamboo trunks known as a Kado matsu("Gate pine" in English) on their doors to receive a blessing from the gods.
Pine trees play an important part of the beliefs and legends of many Native American and First Nations people. To many Native people, the pine tree is a symbol of wisdom and longevity. To others, its needles and sap are medicine that protects people from illnesses and witchcraft.

Pine trees have a very special meaning in the hearts of the Korean people. In Korea, the pine tree is viewed as an honorable, strong, and wise being. It is held in deep reverence, and much more so than other trees. Some are even worshipped as divine beings in rural areas of Korea. It's not very unusual to find many traditional Koreans who pray to a sacred pine tree for good luck, prosperity, and good health.

The Korean pine tree is also regarded as a messenger that transports the souls of the dead to the afterlife. Many coffins are made of pinewood which helps facilitate transportation of the deceased's soul to Heaven.
The Pine tree is an evergreen, its old title was "the sweetest of woods". Its needles are a valuable source of vitamin C and can loosen a tight chest. It was known to the Druids as one of the seven chieftain trees of the Irish. Mix the dried needles with equal parts of juniper and cedar and burn to purify the home and ritual area. The cones and nuts can be carried as a fertility charm. A good magical cleansing and stimulating bath is made by placing pine needles in a loose-woven bag and running bath water over it. To purify and sanctify an outdoor ritual area, brush the ground with a pine branch.


Ilex aquifolium
 HOLLY - TINNE ACEBO Of all the trees in the Ogham, the Holly and the Oak are most primordial—they are viewed as two "kings" who exchange leadership on a yearly basis by engaging in symbolic battle. The Gaelic name for Holly—Tinne—is related to the word, tanist, meaning "dark twin." The Oak King rules from the time the light begins its ascent in December until the summer solstice in June. Holly is the "dark twin" who reigns during the waning light of the year, until winter solstice. This beautiful tree speaks to the fierce capacity of the human soul to take the descent into the underworld, bringing inner light into darkness. Holly's paradoxical teaching of harshness and holiness, is also found in relation to this tree. The Green Knight is a manifestation of the Green Man—the vast cosmic forces of Nature that must be encountered by the human soul and anchored by the human heart.Holly (Ilex aquifolium): It is associated with the death and rebirth symbolism of winter in both Pagan and Christian lore. Holly is also associated with magic for protection, prophesy, healing, animals, sex, invulnerability, watchfulness, good luck, Holiness and consecration.  It is also said to have the ability to enhance other forms of magick. In Arthurian legend, Gawain (representing the Oak King of summer) fought the Green Knight, who was armed with a holly club to represent winter. It is one of the three timbers used in the construction of chariot wheel shafts. It was used in spear shafts also. The qualities of a spear shaft are balance and directness, as the spear must be hefted to be thrown the holly indicates directed balance and vigour to fight if the cause is just. Holly may be used in spells having to do with sleep or rest, and to ease the passage of death. A bag of leaves and berries carried by a man is said to increase his ability to attract women.


Abies alba
FIR TREE - ABETONot only the fir tree it's known as the Birth Tree, but also, the needles are burned at childbirth to bless and protect the mother and baby. We can find truth and honesty through its energy and it is symbol of friendship. Their evergreen nature signifies hope and renewal. The fir is a symbol of endurance. The ancient Celts recognized the fir's ability to outlive and outlast most other trees, and so gave it representations of resilience and longevity. The fir also survives in very difficult conditions, and is able to grow in challenging weather as well as substandard soils. It is a reminder of the connections we share with life-long. Therefore, the fir tree symbolize strength, firmness, strength, connection, link with dimensions. Probably, the fir tree is one of the faster trees which link you with the spirituality.





Celtic trees : ancient knowledge




The Lunar Months.
  •    Birch ( Abedul ) : 1st Moon of the Celtic Year – (Dec 24 – Jan 21)
  •    Rowan ( Serbal ): 2nd Moon of the Celtic Year – (Jan 22 – Feb 18)
  •    Ash ( fresno ): 3rd Moon of the Celtic Year – (Feb 18 – March 17)
  •    Alder ( Aliso ): 4th Moon of the Celtic Year – (March 18 – April 14)
  •    Willow ( Sauce ): 5th Moon of the Celtic Year – (April 15 – May 12)
  •    Hawthorn ( Espino Blanco ): 6th Moon of the Celtic Year – (May 13 – June 9)
  •    Oak ( Roble ): 7th Moon of the Celtic Year – (June 10 – July 7)
  •    Holly ( Acebo ): 8th Moon of the Celtic Year – (July 8 – Aug 4)
  •    Hazel ( Avellano ): 9th Moon of the Celtic Year – (Aug 5 – Sept 1)
  •    Vine ( Vid ): 10th Moon of the Celtic Year – (Sept 2 – Sept 29)
  •    Ivy ( Hiedra ): 11th Moon of the Celtic Year – (Sept 30 – Oct 27)
  •    Reed ( Junco ): 12th Moon of the Celtic Year – (Oct 28 – Nov 24)
  •    Elder ( Sauco ): 13th Moon of the Celtic Year – (Nov 25 – Dec 23)

BIRCH ( Abedul ): Birch (Betula spp.): Long associated with fertility and healing magic, new beginnings, purification, protection, creativity, fertility & birth. It was known as ‘The Lady of the Woods’. Birch twigs were used to bestow fertility on cattle and newlyweds, and children's cradles were made from its wood. Birch is one of the first trees to grow on bare soil and thus it births the entire forest. Criminals were at one time birched to drive out evil influences on them, to renew them for the new year. Birch is an incredibly useful tree - nearly every part of it is edible, and it's sap was an important source of sugar to Native Americans and early settlers. The inner bark provides a pain reliever and the leaves are used to treat arthritis. It's bark was used for everything from paper to canoe hulls, and axe handles were also made from Birch.


ROWAN ( Serbal ): Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) : The Rowan tree (also called Mountain Ash and 'Witchwood') is long known for aid and protection against enchantment. It is also associated with divination, astral work, strength, protection, initiation, healing, psychic energies, working with spirits of the dead, psychic powers, personal power, and success. Sticks of the Rowan were used to carve Runes on. It was also used in the art of metal divining. Rowan spays and crosses were placed over cattle in pens and over homes for protection. The berries have a tiny pentagram on them. The pentagram is the ancient symbol of protection. The Rowan tree indicates protection and control of the senses from enchantment and beguiling. The Rowan was sacred to the Druids and the Goddess Brigit. It is a very magical tree used for wands, rods, amulets and spells. A forked Rowan branch can help find water. Wands are for knowledge, locating metal and general divination.

ASH ( Fresno ): Ash (Fraxinus spp.): A Druid sacred tree. Druid wands were often made of ash because of its straight grain. The Ash is one of the sacred Druidic three: 'Oak, Ash & Thorn'. The Ash is associated with applications in magick for sea power, ocean rituals, karmic laws, magical potency, healing and health, protection, love, women's mysteries, prophetic dreams, prosperity. The European variety (Fraxinus excelcior) was referred to in the Eddas as the species of Yggdrasil - the 'World-Tree". The first man, named Ask, was created from an ash log. Ash was commonly used to make spears because of its 'springiness' and straight grain. In North America, strips of black ash were split along the grain to make splints for baskets and hoops. It is used in weaver's beams. Women would weave cloth and intermingling threads together in a tight pattern as the microcosm and the macrocosm are united. Ash can be used in spells requiring focus and strength of purpose, and indicates the linking of the inner and outer worlds. Put fresh ash leaves under your pillow to stimulate psychic dreams.

Oak, Ash and Thorn were called the 'Fairy Triad': Where they grow together it is said that fairies live...!

ALDER ( Aliso ): Alder (Alnus spp.): This tree was sacred to the Druids and is generally associated with protection and oracular powers. The pith is easily pushed out of green shoots to make whistles. Several shoots bound together by cordage, can be trimmed to the desired length for producing the note you want and used to entice Air elementals. The old superstition of "whistling up the wind" began with this custom. The oily water resistant wood has been used extensively for underwater foundations and pilings in Venice and elsewhere. It is used in dairy vessels and the branches in making whistles. It is associated with Bran, as he used his body as a bridge to span dangerous waters. It is used in the construction of bridges. Bran's Head was oracular.

WILLOW ( Sauce ): Willow (Salix babylonica): The willow is a water loving tree, associated with Moon Magic, the Willow is used for enchantment, wishing, romantic love, healing, protection, fertility, magic for women, femininity, love, divination, friendship, joy, love, and peace. Willow bark contains Salicin which is used in the treatment of rheumatic fever and various damp diseases. Her catkins, which appear in early spring before her leaves, attract bees to start the cycle of pollination. Willow indicates cycles, rhythms and the ebb and flux. The willow is a Moon tree sacred to the White Lady, Its groves were considered so magical that priests, priestesses and all types of artisans sat among these trees to gain eloquence, inspiration, skills and prophecies. For a wish to be granted, ask permission of the willow, explaining your desire. Select a pliable shoot and tie a loose knot in it while expressing what you want. When the wish is fulfilled. return and untie the knot. Remember to thank the willow and leave a gift.

HAWTHORN ( Espino blanco ): Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha) - Hawthorn is associated with protection, love & marriage, health, prosperity, fertility, purification, fishing magic, purity, inner journeys, intuition, female sexuality, cleansing, and happiness. The fey (Earth spirits/Fairy Folk) are said to especially like Hawthorn since it is sacred to them. The wood from the Hawthorn provides the hottest fire known and wands with the greatest power. The blossoms are said to be highly erotic to men.  Its leaves and blossoms are also used to create a tea to aid with anxiety, appetite loss and poor circulation. The Greeks and Romans saw the hawthorn as symbolic of hope and marriage, but in medieval Europe it was associated with witchcraft.


OAK ( Roble ): Oak (Quercus robur): The Oak is one of the sacred Druidic three: 'Oak, Ash & Thorn'. In general, Oak is associated with spells for protection, strength, success and stability, healing, fertility, health, money, potency, and good luck. Oak has been considered sacred by just about every culture that has encountered the tree, but it was held in particular esteem by the Norse and Celts because of its size, longevity, and nutritious acorns. The oak is frequently associated with Gods of thunder and lightening such as Zeus, Thor, and the Lithuanian God Perkunas. This association may be due to the oak's habit of being hit by lightening during storms. Specific oak trees have also been associated with the 'Wild Hunt', which is led by Herne in England and by Wodin in Germany. Oak galls, known as Serpent Eggs, were used in magical charms. Acorns gathered at night held the greatest fertility powers. The Druids and Priestesses listened to the rustling oak leaves and the wrens in the trees for divinatory messages. Burning oak leaves purifies the atmosphere. In general, oak can be used in spells for protection, strength, success and stability; the different varieties will lend their own special 'flavour' to the magic.


HOLLY ( Acebo ): See above.

HAZEL ( Avellano ): Hazel (Corylus avellana) : The Tree of Immortal Wisdom has applications in magick done for manifestation, spirit contact, protection, prosperity, divination-dowsing, dreams, wisdom-knowledge, fertility, intelligence, inspiration. Hazel is a tree that is sacred to the fey Folk and a wand of hazel can be used to call the Fey. In Celtic tradition, the Salmon of Knowledge is said to eat the 9 nuts of poetic wisdom dropped into its sacred pool from the hazel tree growing beside it. Each nut eaten by the salmon becomes a spot on its skin. The Hazel tree provided shade, protection and baskets. In Europe and North America, hazel is commonly used for 'water-witching' - the art of finding water with a forked stick. Magically, hazel wood is used to gain knowledge, healing, wisdom and poetic inspiration. Forked sticks are used to find water or buried treasure. If outside and in need of magical protection quickly draw a circle around yourself with a hazel branch. To enlist the aid of plant fairies, string hazelnuts on a cord and hang up in your house or ritual room. Magically, hazel wood is used to gain knowledge, wisdom and poetic inspiration.

VINE ( Vid ):

IVY ( Hiedra ):

REED ( Junco ):

ELDER ( Sauco ): Elder (Sambucus spp.): The Latin name sambucus is derived from a Greek word for a wind instrument made from elder. Also known as Ellhorn, Elderberry, Lady Elder. Sacred to the White Lady and Midsummer Solstice. The Druids used it to both bless and curse. Standing under an elder tree at Midsummer, like standing in a Fairy Ring of mushrooms, will help you see the "little people." Elder wands can be used to drive out evil spirits or thought forms. Music on panpipes or flutes of elder have the same power as the wand.  The pith can easily be removed from the small branches to make a flute. Elder re-grows damaged branches with ease and can root rapidly from any part. A tea for purifying the blood can be made from the flowers and wine from the fruit, but in general the tree is poisonous. In Norse mythology, the Goddess Freya chose the black elder as her home. In medieval times it was the abode of witches and it was considered dangerous to sleep under its branches or to cut it down. Sticks of Elder were used as magical horses by Witches. Elder indicates the end in the beginning and the beginning in the end. Life in Death and Death in Life.


Other trees

MISTLETOE ( Muerdago ): Also known as Birdlime, Allheal and Golden Bough. It was the most sacred plant of the Druids, and ruled the Winter Solstice. The berries are poisonous. Bunches of mistletoe can be hung as an all-purpose protective herb, also for kissing under. The berries are used in love incenses.
The mistletoe is cut using a golden sickle on the sixth night of the new moon after the winter solstice. A cloth held below the tree by other members of the order to catch the sprigs of mistletoe as they fell, as it was believed that it would have profaned the mistletoe to fall upon the ground. He would then divide the branches into many sprigs and distributed them to the people, who hung them over doorways as protection against thunder, lightning and other evils.
The Druids are thought to have believed that the berries of the mistletoe represented the sperm of the Gods and among many others thing considered a magical aphrodisiac.
The plant in old folklore is called Allheal, used in folk medicine to cure many ills, and indeed the Druids considered the mistletoe to be a sacred plant and believed it had miraculous properties which could cure illnesses, serve as an antidote against poisons, ensure fertility and protect against the ill effects of witchcraft. When taken as a form of diluted tea, it was thought as a curative for everything from infertility to epilepsy. (WARNING, this plant is highly toxic when ingested. You should seek expert advice before using Mistletoe in any form.).
The plant has qualities including the power of healing, rendering poisons harmless, good luck, great blessings, bestowing fertility power, life, immortality, protection from witchcraft and banishing evil spirits.
Norse Mythology: The Norse god Balder was the best loved of all the gods. His mother was Frigga, goddess of love and beauty. She loved her son so much that she wanted to make sure no harm would come to him. So she went through the world, securing promises from everything that sprang from the four elements--fire, water, air, and earth--that they would not harm her beloved Balder.Leave it to Loki, a sly, evil spirit, to find the loophole. The loophole was mistletoe. He made an arrow from its wood. To make the prank nastier, he took the arrow to Hoder, Balder's brother, who was blind. Guiding Holder's hand, Loki directed the arrow at Balder's heart, and he fell dead.
Frigga's tears became the mistletoe's white berries. In the version of the story with a happy ending, Balder is restored to life, and Frigga is so grateful that she reverses the reputation of the offending plant--making it a symbol of love and promising to bestow a kiss upon anyone who passes under it.


APPLE ( Manzano ): Apple (Malus spp.): In Norse myth, Idunna was the keeper of the 'apples of immortality' which kept the Gods young. The 'fruit-bearing tree' referred to by Tacitus in his description of Norse runic divination may have been the apple. Apple indicates choice, and is useful for love and healing magic.

BEECH ( Haya ): Beech (Fagus spp.): At one time Beech tablets were used as writing surfaces. Beech and book have the same word origins. Beech is concerned with ancient knowledge as revealed in old objects, places and writings. Beech indicates guidance from the past to gain insight which protects and provides a solid base upon which all relies.

ELM ( Olmo ): Elm (Ulmus spp.): Elm is often associated with Mother and Earth Goddesses, and was said to be the abode of faeries. Elm wood is valued for it's resistance to splitting, and the inner bark was used for cordage and chair caning. Elm adds stability and grounding to a spell. Play and smile and have fun with the magic of life.

PEAR ( Peral ): Pear (Pyrus spp.): The Roman author Tacitus described how the German people would carve runes into the wood of a fruit tree. This is often assumed to be the apple tree, but may well have been the pear which is considered by some to be of the same genus as the apple. In the 5th century, Constantius told of a pear tree which was honoured by the North-men. The pear tree is also mentioned in literature and folklore connected with love and temptation.

POPLAR ( Alamo ): Poplar (Populus spp.): The White Poplar flourishes beside rivers, in marshes and in other watery areas. The pith is star shaped. The upper leaves are green, the underside is silver. The wood was used in the making of shields. Leaves move with every puff of wind. It is commonly referred to as the talking, whispering and quivering tree. The Anglo-Saxon rune poem seems to refer to the poplar as being associated with the rune berkana. Heracles wore a crown of poplar leaves when he retrieved Cerberus from Hades, and the upper surface of the leaves was thus darkened from Hades' smokey fumes. In Christian lore, the quaking poplar (aspen) was used to construct Christ's cross, and the leaves of the tree quiver when they remember this fact. The Poplar's ability to resist and to shield, its association with speech, language and the Winds indicates an ability to endure and conquer.


More information and sources:

http://www.ancient-wisdom.com/treelore.htm



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